pathophyisology quiz

Question 1

 

  1. When a patient asks what causes cystic fibrosis, how should the nurse respond? Cystic fibrosis is caused by an _____ gene.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

 

Question 2

  1. After a geneticist talks to the patient about being a chromosomal mosaic, the patient asks the nurse what that means. How should the nurse respond? You may _____ genetic disease(s).
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 3

  1. A nurse is teaching a patient with diabetes how glucose is transported from the blood to the cell. What type of transport system should the nurse discuss with the patient?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 4

  1. A 55-year-old male with a 30-year history of smoking is examined for respiratory disturbance. Examination of his airway (bronchial) reveals that stratified squamous epithelial cells have replaced the normal columnar ciliated cells. This type of cellular adaptation is called:
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 5

  1. What principle should the nurse remember when trying to distinguish aging from diseases?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 6

  1. The nurse would be correct in identifying the predominant extracellular cation as:
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 7

  1. A 13-year-old girl has a karyotype that reveals an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome present. What medical diagnosis will the nurse observe on the chart?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 8

  1. The ion transporter that moves Na+ and Ca2+ simultaneously in the same direction is an example of which of the following types of transport?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 9

  1. A 20-year-old pregnant female gives birth to a stillborn child. Autopsy reveals that the fetus has 92 chromosomes. What term may be on the autopsy report to describe this condition?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 10

  1. A nurse is reading a chart and sees the term oncotic pressure. The nurse recalls that oncotic pressure (colloid osmotic pressure) is determined by:
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 11

  1. In teaching a patient with cirrhosis, which information should the nurse include regarding cholesterol?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 12

  1. What is the role of cytokines in cell reproduction?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 13

  1. A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle energy. Which of the following will facilitate his continued muscle performance?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 14

  1. An aide asks the nurse why people who have neurofibromatosis will show varying degrees of the disease. Which genetic principle should the nurse explain to the aide?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 15

  1. A nurse is discussing the movement of fluid across the arterial end of capillary membranes into the interstitial fluid surrounding the capillary. Which process of fluid movement is the nurse describing?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 16

  1. During childhood, the thymus decreases in size, and this is referred to as _____ atrophy.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 17

  1. A patient wants to know the risk factors for Down syndrome. What is the nurse’s best response?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 18

  1. A newborn male is diagnosed with albinism based on skin, eye, and hair appearance. Which finding will support this diagnosis?

1 points  

Question 19

  1. A eukaryotic cell is undergoing DNA replication. In which region of the cell would most of the genetic information be contained?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 20

  1. The student is reviewing functions of the cell. The student would be correct in identifying the primary function of the nerve cell as:
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 21

  1. A group of prison inmates developed tuberculosis following exposure to an infected inmate. On examination, tissues were soft and granular (like clumped cheese). Which of the following is the most likely cause?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 22

  1. Which of the following mutations have the most significant effect on protein synthesis?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 23

  1. What causes the rapid change in the resting membrane potential that initiates an action potential?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 24

  1. Which of the following disorders is manifested primarily in males?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

Question 25

  1. The nurse is teaching staff about the most common cause of Down syndrome. What is the nurse describing?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

1 points  

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