Solved!!! ETH Pre Test 25/25

Assessment Score

Attempt Score: 24.00 out of a possible 25.00 (96.0%)

Assessment Score: 24.00 out of a possible 25.00 (96.0%)

Question 1:What is ethnic studies?
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•It is the study of power relationships in multicultural settings.
Correct answer(s):It is the study of minority peoples and only minority peoples. It is the study of ethics in the social and behavioral sciences. It is the study of power relationships in multicultural settings. It is the study of the Eurocentric history of the United States. None of the above.
Question 2:Ethnic Studies has historically been strong on:
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•Historical description and advocacy
Correct answer(s):Science and empiricism Historical description and advocacy Field studies and methods Feminism and feminist pedagogy All of the above
Question 3:Ethnic Studies has historically been weak on:
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•All of the above
Correct answer(s):Unified theories Methodology Empirical studies Application in real-world settings All of the above
Question 4:What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination?
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•One is an attitude and the other is a behavior (an action).
Correct answer(s):There is none; they are different words for the same thing. One is an attitude and the other is a behavior (an action). It depends upon whom or what one applies them to. It depends upon the status of the person doing them. All of the above
Question 5:What is science?
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00

Assessment Time: 24 minutes

Your answer(s):                                •The systematic study of the material world and its mechanics through observation, description, and experimentation.

Correct answer(s):The systematic study of the material world and its mechanics through observation, description, and experimentation. An assortment of theories that are not necessarily valid but really just reflect differing opinions. The opposite of religion and religious belief. Just another belief system with no more objective validity or reliability than any other belief system. All of the above.
Question 6:What is a hypothesis?
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•A testable proposition, the falsification of which leads the researcher into further insight into the question at hand.
Correct answer(s):Simply an educated guess. An unprovable proposition that is used to create scientific models for the purpose of teaching complex ideas in science. A testable proposition, the falsification of which leads the researcher into further insight into the question at hand. It is a theory that has never been proven. All of the above.
Question 7:What is the difference between a social group and a social category?
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•One is a physical population acting in common and the other is a symbolic, socially-constructed classification.
Correct answer(s):There is none, they synonymous. A social category always takes precedence over a group. One pertains to people and the other pertains to objects or things. One is a physical population acting in common and the other is a symbolic, socially-constructed classification. none of the above
Question 8:Physicists define energy as:
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•“The ability to do work” or “the capacity to move or change matter.”
Correct answer(s):A force in the universe that is mysterious and non-quantifiable. “The ability to do work” or “the capacity to move or change matter.” Something that can be created but never destroyed. A set of quantum particles in perpetual motion. all of the above
Question 9:The four basic levels of human social, political, and economic organization, which is a descriptive typology, can be broken down into two categories, uncentralized and centralized political systems. These are:
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•Both A and B
Correct answer(s):Bands and Tribes Chiefdoms and States Colonies and Empires Both A and B Both B and C
Question 10:Darwin’s theory of descent with modification by means of natural selection was based on the fact that
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•All of the above.
Correct answer(s):Variation means a range of traits are present in a the parent population. Traits are inherited from parents. Some traits confer differential survival and differential reproductive success in differing environments. The environment selects those traits most fit for conferring survival and reproduction. All of the above.
Question 11:World Systems theory is a compelling paradigm for understanding the impacts of colonialism and imperialism on world history because it reveals how colonizers exploit the people and places they colonize, and why they do so. The two key concepts that embody the nature of this exploitative relationship are:
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•Core—periphery
Correct answer(s):Persuasion—coercion Positive—negative Accurate—inaccurate Core—periphery In-group—out-group
Question 12:In Dependency Theory colonizers often create a dependency on the part of colonized peoples by disrupting indigenous economies and social institutions through the introduction of novel socioeconomic institutions. The colonized peoples then become dependent upon the colonizers for their livelihood. The means most often used to create such a dependency is
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:0.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•Exotic trade goods
Correct answer(s):More land More money Intermarriage Political alliances Exotic trade goods
Question 13:Leslie White’s mid-20th century cultural evolutionism posited that the cultures that were most evolved were those most capable of
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•Capturing and exploiting energy
Correct answer(s):Colonizing others Promoting their own belief systems Adapting to being colonized by others Capturing and exploiting energy All of the above
Question 14:Stereotypes and stereotyping behaviors are best understood not by labeling all stereotypes as bad but rather by examining key aspects of the stereotyping process that reveal how stereotypes are applied. These are:
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00

Your answer(s):                                  •Both A and B

Correct answer(s):                              Accuracy/inaccuracy of stereotypes

Positive/negative stereotypes

Prejudice/discrimination in stereotyping

Both A and B

Both B and C

Question 15:                                                 When one attempts to assess and understand a particular society’s customs, traditions, practices and values on

their own terms and without bias, this is called ______________.

Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•Cultural relativism
Correct answer(s):Ethnocentrism Cultural pluralism Cultural relativism Relative deprivation Miscegenation
Question 16:There are two kinds of human universals and they are relevant to ethnic studies because they reveal things all human beings everywhere have in common. They also reveal that localized differences are parochial differences in classes of behaviors rather than in kind, and they are due to ecology and history and not differences in human potential. They are universals of
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•Content and classification
Correct answer(s):Content and classification Nature and nurture Environment and biology Culture and society None of the above
Question 17:What did the Supreme Court rule in Plessy v Ferguson (1896)?
Type:Multiple Choice
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•Separate but equal accommodations for Whites and African-Americans were acceptable.
Correct answer(s):Slaves were property, not people, and could not sue in a court of law. African-Americans had to take and pass a literacy test before voting. All public schools must be integrated “with all deliberate speed.” Separate but equal accommodations for Whites and African-Americans were acceptable. None of the above.
Question 18:The second law of thermodynamics states that whenever energy is converted from one form to another at least some of it is dissipated (or lost), typically as heat.
Type:True or False
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•True
Correct answer(s):True False
Question 19:The value of comparative studies—i.e., cross-species and cross-cultural research—is that such studies allow you to compare and contrast differing phenomena such as morphology and behavior.
Type:True or False
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•True
Correct answer(s):True False
Question 20:Culture is a reified abstraction and not a measurable thing.
Type:True or False
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•True
Correct answer(s):True False
Question 21:De jure segregation is school segregation that is the result of an official policy of having separate schools for different racial populations.
Type:True or False
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•True
Correct answer(s):True False
Question 22:De facto segregation is school segregation that is the result not of an official policy of different schools for different racial populations but of other processes. The main cause is housing segregation.
Type:True or False
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•True
Correct answer(s):True False
Question 23:Racism is any attitude, belief, behavior or institutional arrangement that tends to favor one racial or ethnic population over another.
Type:True or False
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•True
Correct answer(s):True False
Question 24:Ethnocentrism is a tendency to view one’s own society as the norm or standard and to view out-groups not just as different but also strange and inferior.
Type:True or False
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00
Your answer(s):•True
Correct answer(s):True False
Question 25:The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination in schools, courts, and employment.
Type:True or False
Points awarded:1.00 / 1.00

Your answer(s):                                 •True

Correct answer(s):                           True

False

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